2022/2023 Second Term Geography Scheme Of Work For SS1

UNIFIED SCHEME OF WORK FOR GEOGRAPHY

CLASS: SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ONE

TERM: SECOND TERM SCHEME OF WORK

WEEK 1

TOPIC

General Cleaning/ Revision

WEEK 2

TOPIC

Major Land Form Features

CONTENT

(1)Major Landform

(2) Types of Landform

– Plateau

– Mountain

– Plain

(3) Mountain: Types and Characteristics

BEHAVIORAL OBJECT

Students should be able to

(1) Explain the meaning of Landform

(2) Describe the causes of major Landforms

(3) Identify the types of major landforms

(4) Define Mountain

(5) Identify major mountain types:

– Volcanic

– Fold

– Block

– Residual

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Illustrative Diagrams and sketches of different landforms

– Pictures of different types of landforms

– Models of mountains

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Uses pictures, sketch diagrams, and models to guide students to identify different types of landforms

(2) Take students on a guided tour of their locality to observe the landforms.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Listen to the teacher’s explanation;

(2) Participate in class discussion

(3) Ask questions from the teacher

(4) Answer questions put to them by the teacher

(5) surf the net to obtain information

(6) Copy the board summary

WEEK 3

TOPIC

Mountains

CONTENT

(1) Mode of formation types

– Volcanic

– Fold

– Block

– Residual

(2) Advantages of mountain

(3) Disadvantages of mountain

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to

(1) State the distinguishing characteristics of  the different types of mountains

(2) Explain the processes involved in the formation of the different mountain types

(3) Explain the advantages and disadvantages of mountains to man

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

Illustrative Diagrams and sketches of different mountains types

–  Pictures of different types of mountain

– Model of mountains

– Documentary films on mountains formation

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Uses sketch diagrams to describe the formation of different mountain types

(2) Describe processes for the formation of the mountains

(3) Initiate and guide discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of mountains to man

(4) Summarize the highlights of the lesson

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Listen to the teacher’s explanation of the process of mountain

(2) Ask questions from the teacher

(3) Answer questions from the teacher

(4) Participate in class discussion

(5) Surf the net to obtain information on the process of mountain formation

(6) Model the different types of mountain

WEEK 4

TOPIC

Plateau

CONTENT

(1) Meaning of Plateau

(2) Types of Plateau

– Tectonic

– Volcanic

– Dissected

(3) Mode of formation of a type of Plateau

(4) Advantages of Plateau

(5) Disadvantages of Plateau

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to

(1) State the distinguishing characteristics of the different types of Plateau

(2) Explain the processes involved in the formation of the different types of Plateau

(3) State the advantages and disadvantages of Plateau to man

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Illustrative diagrams and sketches of different types of Plateau

– Pictures of different types of Plateau

– Mode of Plateau

– Documentary film on Plateau formation

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Uses sketch diagram to describe the formation of different plateau types

(2) Describe processes for the formation of the plateau

(3) Initiate and guide discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of the plateau

(4) Summarizes the highlight of the lesson

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Listen to the teacher’s explanation of the process of plateau formation

(2) Ask questions from the teacher

(3) Answer the questions put to them by the teacher

(4) Participate in class discussion

(5) Surf the net to obtain information on processes of plateau formation

(6) Model types of plateau

WEEK 5

TOPIC

Lowland

CONTENT

(1) Meaning of Lowland

(2) Types of Lowland

– Plain

– Valley

– Coastal areas

(3) Mode  of formation of lowland

(4) Advantages of lowland

(5) Disadvantages of lowland

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to

(1) identify the major types of Lowland

(2) Describe the characteristics of the different types of lowland

(3) Explain the processes involved in the formation of lowlands

(4) Explain the importance and effect of lowland

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Illustrative diagram and sketches

– Pictures of lowland

– Model of different low lands

– Maps

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Take students on fieldwork to observe some lowland

(2) Uses Models, Illustrative diagrams pictures, and sketches to guide discussion on

– Characteristics of the different types of lowland

– Processes for the formation of lowland (plain, valley, and coastal areas)

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Participate in a guided tour to observe lowlands

(2) Participate in class discussion

(3) Make a model of types of lowland

(4) Copy the board summary

WEEK 6

TOPIC

The Environment

CONTENT

(1) Meaning of environment

(2) Types of environment

 – Physical

–  Social

– Cultural

 (3) Domains of the environment

– Atmosphere

– Lithosphere

– Biosphere

– Hydrosphere

(4) Importance of the environment

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to:

(1) Explain the meaning of the environment

(2) Identify the different types of the environment

(3) Describe the composition of the different environment

(4) Explain the importance of the environment

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Maps

– Picture the objects in the environment

–  Documentary film about the environment

– Illustrative diagrams and sketches

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Conduct outdoor activities for the students to observe the environment

(2) Guide class discussion

(3) Lead students to

– Classify man’s environment

– Recognize and regroup components of the environment into three major domains (atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere)

(4) Summarizes the highlight of the lesson

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Participate in outdoor activities, collect and classify objects found in the environment

(2) Participate in class discussions.

(3) Identify the environment as

– Physical

– Social

– Cultural

(4) Copy the board summary

WEEK 7

TOPIC

Weather And Climate

CONTENT

(1) Measuring weather and climate

(2) Differences between weather and climate

(3) Elements of weather and climate

(4) Instrument used for measuring climatic element

– Temperature

– Wind direction

– Humidity etc

Students should be able to

(1) Explain the concept of weather and climate

(2) Identify the Weather element

(3) List the instrument for measuring weather

(4) Make accurate measurement of weather element

(5) Describe the attribute of weather

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

–  Illustrative diagram and sketches

– Rain gauge

– Thermometer

– Wind vane

– Barometer

– Hygrometer

– Anemometer etc

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Uses questions to lead students to explain the concept of weather and climate

(2) Guide the students to make measurements and keep weather record

(3) Guid4e discussion on weather elements and attributes of weather

(4) Summarizes the highlights of the lesson on the board

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Listen to the teacher during teaching

(2) Ask questions from the teacher

(3) Answer questions from the teacher

(4) Take down notes

(5) Take weather measurements and keep weather record

WEEK 8

TOPIC

Weather And Climate

CONTENT

(1) Factors affecting weather and climate

(2) Importance of Weather and Climate

Students should be able to:

(1) Explain the factors affecting weather and climate

(2) State the importance of weather on physical and human activities

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Illustrative diagrams and sketches

– Maps

– Chalkboard

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) uses questions to explain the factors affecting weather and climate

(2) Guide discussion on; the importance of weather on physical and human activities

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Listen to the teacher during teaching

(2) Ask questions from the teacher

(3) Answer questions from the teacher

(4) Participate in class discussion.

WEEK 9

TOPIC

Basic Concepts In Map Reading

CONTENT

(1) Maps

– Definition

– Examples

– Uses

(2) Scales

– Types

– Attributes

– Merit and demerit of each type

(3) Scale conversion

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to:

(1) Define maps

(2) Identify with examples the different types of maps

(3) Differentiate between maps and plan

(4) State the uses of map

(5) Identify and describe types of scales

(6) State the merits and demits of different types of scale

(7) Convert from scale to actual measurement

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Different types of maps

– Atlas

– Plans

– Air photographs

– Selective images

– Measuring instruments like rulers, chains, etc

– Drawing paper

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Bring different types of maps to the class

(2) Help students to identify maps and sort them into types

(3) Guide class discussion on

– Meaning of the map

– Uses of map

– Type of scale

– Merit and Demerit of each type

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Identify and group different types of maps brought into the class

(2) Participate in class discussion

(3) Make an accurate measurement of a given map area and relate it to its scale

(4) Covert scale measurement to actual measurement

WEEK 10

TOPIC

 Map Distance

. Bearing And Direction

. Method Of Presenting Relief Forms

CONTENT

(1) Measurement of units

(2) Conversion:

– from map distance to actual distance

– fractural distance to map distance

(3) the major cardinal points:

– true and magnetic north

– magnetic variations

(4) angular bearing and compass directions

(5) methods of representing relief:

– contour

– hill shading

– spot heights

Students should be able to:

(1) Identify units for expressing map distance

(2) Measure distance on a map and convert it into the actual distance

(3) Convert actual distance to map distance

(4) identify major cardinal points

(5) Indicate and determine direction and bearing on a map

(6) use direction and bearing to find the location of points on the field

(7) Identify physical features on topographical maps

(8) Describe methods of representing these features (relief) on maps

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Maps

– Diagrams and sketches

– Thread

– Measuring instruments like tape, ruler, etc

– Paper

– Compass

– Drawing paper

– Models

– Colours

– Pens

– Sand etc.

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Brings different types of maps to class

(2) Help students to understand units used in expressing distances on the map

(3) Guide students to determine the actual distance of the physical setting (e.g. length of a river)

(4) Explain the use of angular bearing and compass direction

(5) Take the students out to find direction and bearing of points on the field

(6) Guide students to solve problems using examples from topographical maps

(7) Use a map to help students recognize relief features

(8) Guide discussion on methods of representing relief features on maps

(9) Write notes on the chalkboard for students to copy

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(1) Make measurements (as crow flies distances, curvilinear distances on maps, and convert them to actual distance)

(2) Draw diagrams showing the major cardinal points and their bearing

(3) Determining the direction and bearing from the topographical map

(4) Observe topographical maps to identify sets of physical features e.g. rivers, plateaus, hills, etc.

(5) Ask questions from the teacher

(7) Participate in class discussion

WEEK 11

TOPIC

 Map Reduction And Enlargement

 Measurement Of Area

CONTENT

(1) Map enlargement and reduction

– Grid/Square method

(2) Scales (Small/Large Scale)

 (3) Measurement of Area of Regular shape

(4) measurement of irregular shapes

– The square method

– The strip method

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to:

(1) reduce a map to a given proportion

(2) enlarge a map to a given proportion

(3) plot detail an enlarged/reduced map

(4) write new scales for reduced/enlarged maps

(5) Describe the procedure for measuring a regular shape

(6) Describe the procedure for measuring an irregular shape

(7) Use map scale to relate the map area with the actual area on the ground

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

– Maps

– Sketches

– Ruler

– Pencil

– Drawing

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

(1) Provide topographical maps of different types for students to reduce or enlarge

(2) Demonstrate maps reduction and enlargement

(3) Guide students as they enlarge or reduce a map

(4) Provide topographical maps of distance types for the students to find their area

(5) Explain the procedures for finding the area of regular and irregular shape

(6) Guide the students as they find the area of a map or plantation

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

(!) Carryout practical activities in map reduction and enlargement

(2) Solve problems and how scales of maps can change when maps are reduced or enlarged

(3) Participate in class discussion

(4) Carry out practical activities on how to find the area of a regular or irregular shape.

(5) Write a report of practical work

(6) Copy the board summary

WEEK 12 & 13

Revision And Examination

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