As we all know that teaching and learning can only be achieved through the help of competent teachers and dedicated and focused students therefore, a teacher is a person in charge of the education of pupils or students at school. Some of his attributes contribute to his performance as a teacher, while others have an impact on him and his pupils or students in the school setting.
A competent teacher has emotional and mental stability, patience, knowledge, skill, honesty, inventiveness, and resourcefulness, as well as personal interaction with students. Teachers’ attitudes toward work, people’s cultures, the country’s economic conditions, and teacher shortages are some of the elements that influence the teacher and the child in the school setting.
A variety of elements influence teaching and learning in the school setting. These are the following aspects: the classroom environment, cultural considerations, economic situations, the urban/rural dichotomy in teacher posting, teacher education and training, tests, teacher attitudes toward work, and rewards and punishment.
Teaching And Learning Classroom Environment
The teacher and children are referred to as the classroom environment, which includes the curriculum, real teaching, classroom management, classroom climate (noisy or calm), and the physical state of the classroom (dark or lit) (hard floor or sandy floor) (arrangement of seats, etc).
A good teaching and learning classroom environment can be created by:
Class size and organization. The number of students in each class should be manageable.
Physical organization of the class. To guarantee proper seating arrangement, floor space, and blackboard placement in the centre of the classroom. The classroom should be well-lit with enough lighting and have free movement of air through adequate ventilation.
Teachers’ and students’ attitudes should reflect a positive climate. The teacher should be interested in and concerned about her students and their work. The teacher’s voice should be audible, controlled, and heard by all students in the classroom. A partially sighted youngster should be made to sit in front of the class to help him or her see and copy what is on the chalkboard more easily. A partially sighted student should be located where there is enough light to see what he or she is about to read during an oral reading practice. Writing on the chalkboard for such a group of children will be bold in order to assist the child in reading without difficulty. To guarantee active group contact between teacher and students, the children are expected to be calm and attentive, as well as participate in-class activities. These are children that appear to be having a good time in class.
Work Attitude Of A Teacher During Teaching And Learning Process
A teacher should be dedicated to his or her job. The way he approaches his task is critical in the learning process. Schoolchildren can read situations and make proper deductions based on the facts. A lesson provided to his class children by a disinterested instructor may fail to arouse them to action. The children may believe that the lesson is unimportant, so they may fail to pay attention. A teacher who waits two weeks or longer to mark his pupils’ homework or assignments demonstrates a lack of commitment to his job. Teachers may demonstrate low motivation by sitting down or half-lying on the table while delivering their lesson; such a work attitude on the side of the teacher is adverse to learning. It is important to emphasize that the teacher serves as a role model for her students. A hardworking instructor is bound to develop a hardworking pupil with an innately driven attitude toward learning.
Children are seen rather than heard in traditional African society. Children’s questions are frequently ignored. As a result, these students may grow up to be afraid, and when they bring this attitude to school, their chances of learning are hampered. A student in a classroom should be able to ask questions and contribute to the teaching/learning process. Learning is a collaborative endeavor. The student discusses his or her perceptions of reality, listens closely to others’ perceptions, and revises his world view as a result of what he/she has learned. Children who are hesitant and unable to speak in class should be encouraged by the teacher through promptings and questions geared to such children. When this is done frequently, these inactive students will realize that they can make valuable contributions to class discussions, which will lead to learning.
The economic situation at any given time influences a teacher’s motivation and level of involvement in his classroom work. A happy teacher who knows his monthly income and other benefits work eagerly towards the end of the month for his emoluments. As a result, he gives his all at work to ensure that his students get the most out of his instruction. However, when his chances for continued wage payment are bleak, his drive and excitement to teach fade.
The teacher’s attention on his task falls thin, and the students, once they realize it, sympathize with him. An unhappy teacher is incapable of engaging positively with his students, and because learning entails relationship and interaction, this is bound to suffer, with the children bearing the brunt of the consequences.
Other issues include schools without libraries, a lack of finances for vital items such as chalk, pencils, and repairs, enormous class sizes managed by a single instructor, resulting in teaching challenges and poor learning, a teacher shortage, and inadequate health facilities.