2022/2023 First Term Geography Scheme Of Work For SS1

Geography Scheme Of Work

UNIFIED SCHEME OF WORK FOR GEOGRAPHY

CLASS: SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ONE

TERM: FIRST TERM SCHEME OF WORK

WEEK 1

General Cleaning/ Revision

WEEK 2

TOPIC

Introduction To Geography

CONTENT

  • Meaning
  • Scope
  • Important of geography
  • Local geography
  • Physical features, cultural features, direction & location of town and villages

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be – sketch maps of the town able to;

  1. Define geography
  2. State the importance of geography
  3. Identify the physical and cultural features of their town and villages.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Sketch map of town and villages
  • World Globe
  • Charts, Maps, and Pictures
  • Students understanding of their immediate environments 

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  • Take a student for feed work
  • Guide, discussion on a different aspects of their villages and towns.
  • Make the students understand that geography studies the Earth as the home of man

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Participate actively in class discussion
  • Draw a sketch map of their country, state, and local Government

WEEK 3

TOPIC

The Solar System

CONTENT

  • Definition, Satellites, and Galaxies
  • Components of the solar system. The sun, the nine planets

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to:

  1. Identify the component of the solar system
  2. Describe the position of the earth about the sun and other planets
  3. Proof of the shape of the earth

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Globe aerial photography of the Earth
  • Illustrative Diagrams sketches and Models of the earth and the solar system.

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Guide students to model the solar system.
  2. Use the models to guide the student to identify and describe components of the solar system
  3. Guides discussion on
  4. The shape and size of the earth;
  5. The shape and size of the earth position of the earth about the sun and other planets
  6. Summaries the highlights of the lessons on the board. 

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. the solar system
  2. Participate in class discussion
  3. Copy the board summary.

WEEK 4

TOPIC

The Earth

CONTENT

  • The Size and shape of the earth
  • Proof of the earth’s sphericity
  • Meaning of earth rotation and revolution (Earth Movement)
  • Effect of earth rotation and revolution
  • Important concepts of earth Movement;
  • Solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, twilight, and Dawn
  • The difference between solar and lunar eclipse.   

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to;

  1. Describe the  phenomena of earth rotation and revolution
  2. Explain the effects of the earth’s rotation and revolution

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Globe
  • Slide
  • Stationary
  • Source of light
  • Candle and matches
  • Illustrative diagrams
  • Torchlight
  • Darkroom

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Uses the globe and other models to demonstrate rotation and revolution
  2. Guides discussion on effects of the earth’s rotation and revolution
  3. Summarizes the highlights of the lesson on the board  

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. Watch demonstration ask avid answer question
  2. Participate in class discussion
  3. Copy the board summary.

WEEK 5

TOPIC

Latitude And Longitude (I)

CONTENT

  • Definition/ characteristics of latitude and longitude
  • Important lines of latitude and longitude
  • Uses of latitude and longitude (1)
  • Differences between latitude
  • Similarities between latitude and longitude 

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to;

  1. Define latitude and longitude
  2. Differentiate between latitude and longitude
  3. Describe the relationship between latitude and major regions of the world.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • The Atlas
  • Globe
  • Illustrative Diagrams and slides of;
  • Positions of major regions of the world
  • Time zones etc.

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Uses The Globe And Map Of The World To Identify And Explain;
  2. Latitudes And Longitudes
  3. Equator, Meridian Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) international Dateline grid references
  4. Guide discussions on;
  5. The equator relationship with major regions of the world; The meridian and the time zone etc
  6. Guide students to;
  7. Differentiate between latitude and longitude

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. Listen to the teacher’s explanations, ask and answer questions
  2. Participate in class discussion
  3. Determine distance time and time zones from latitude and longitude

WEEK 6

TOPIC

Latitude And Longitude (Ii)

CONTENT

  • Uses of Latitude (Calculation of Distance
  • Uses of Longitude (Calculate of Time)
  • Local Time, Standard Time, and time zones

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Use latitude and longitude to locate positions of towns counties, cities e.t.c

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

Chart and model

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Determine distances using latitude;
  2. Calculate the local time of places from longitude

WEEK 7

TOPIC

The Earth Structure (I)

CONTENT

Major sphere of the Earth

  • The outer zone of the Earth; Atmosphere Biosphere, Lithosphere,, and Hydrosphere
  • Relationship between the four zones.
  • Characteristics and importance of each zone

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students  should be able to;

  1. Identify the major sphere of the earth
  2. Atmosphere, biosphere lithosphere, and hydrosphere
  3. Explain the relationship between the atmosphere, biosphere lithosphere,, and hydrosphere

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Illustrative diagrams
  • Sketches

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Uses diagrams and sketches to guide students to;
  2. Identify earth’s major spheres
  3. Identify the structure of the earth’s crust.
  4. Initiates and guides discussion on;
  5. Composition of the spheres

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. Listen to the teacher ask and answer questions take down notes
  2. Participate in class discussions.

WEEK 8

TOPIC

The Structure Of The Earth (Ii)

CONTENT

The interior zone of the earth’s crust mantle and core.

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Identify the component layers of the earth’s crust; 
  2. Describe the characteristics of the earth layer;
  3. Draw and label the cross-section of the earth’s interior

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Models of the cross-section of the earth’s interior. 

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  • Structure and characteristics of the crust-mantle and core
  • Explains the relationship between the three major spheres and their relevance to human activities
  • Summarizes the highlights of the lesson on the board.  

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • participate in guided town of the school to observe the earth’s sphere
  • draw and label a cross-section of the earth’s crust

WEEK 9

TOPIC

Rocks

CONTENT

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

Students should be able to;

  1. Identify the major types of rocks;
  2. Describe the structure of igneous sedimentary and metamorphic rocks
  3. State the distinguishing characteristics of the different types of rocks;
  4. Explain the processes involved in the formation of the rock types
  5. Explain the importance and disadvantages of rocks to man 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Rocks Sample
  • Pictures of things made from rocks
  • Slides and photographs of different types of rocks
  • Illustrative diagrams and sketches

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Takes students on fieldwork to collect and classify rocks
  2. Initiates and guides discussions on;
  3. Structure, color texture, and permeability of the rock types
  4. Processes for the formation of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.
  5. Importance of the rock types
  6. Guides students to prepare an album of rocks in the locality
  7. Summarizes the highlight of the lesson on the board 

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Bring pictures and things made from rocks to school
  • Participate in guide town to observe collect and classify rocks
  • Participate in class discussions
  • Prepare an album of rocks in the locality.
  • Copy the board summary

WEEK 10

TOPIC

Basic Concept Of Geographic Information System (GIS)

CONTENT

  • Meaning and examples
  • The line for rivers, roads rail,,, etc
  • Point for boreholes, building settlements, towns, farms, etc.
  • Sources (Maps, fieldwork, satellite images, etc.
  • Importance of geo-referencing geographic data and the GIS

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

The student should be able to;

  1. Explain the meanings of GIS and geographic data;
  2. Describe the sources of geography;
  3. Distinguish between geographic data and GIS
  4. State the importance of geo-referencing
  5. State the uses of the GIS and geographic data.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Map
  • Air photos
  • Satellite images
  • Computer system with GIS software installed.

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Explain the concepts of GIS and geographic data
  2. Takes students on fieldwork to;
  3. Collect geographic data,
  4. GIS laboratory
  5. Initiates and guides discussion on;
  6. Sources of geographic data e.g Maps, data from field satellite images etc.
  7. Geo-referencing for GIS data;
  8. Importance of geographic data and GIS
  9. Summarizes the highlights of the lesson on the board.  

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Listen to the teacher ask and answer questions take down notes
  • Participate in class discussions
  • Participate in guided field work

WEEK 11

TOPIC

Component Of Geography Information System (Gis)

CONTENT

  1. Hardware Component
  2. Digitizer, Global Positioning system (GPS), Computer printer Scanner etc
  3. Software for;
  4. Data input, storage retrieval manipulation

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES

The student should be able to;

  1. Identify GIS hardware and Soft ware
  2. State the uses of the GIS software
  3. Distinguish between positional and relational data
  4. State the rule for GIS;
  5. Identify GIS human-ware 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Sketches showing GIS components
  • A slide showing GIS component
  • Digitizer GPS
  • Computer system with GIS  software installed printer scanner

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Manipulate/ uses the GPS digitizer and computer to process geographic data. 

WEEK 12 & 13

Revision and Examination

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