Classroom management is the process by which a teacher enlists the cooperation of his or her students in guiding actions to provide the correct ambience or climate in the classroom for learning. It also entails organizing classroom resources (students and equipment) for efficient usage and management.
This includes arranging students’ lockers with tables in orderly rows, leaving windows open to allow for ventilation, centralizing the chalkboard, placing students with health issues in appropriate locations, and making other arrangements to allow for simple movement. Aside from the proper placement of students and facilities, classroom management entails the teacher setting defined procedures for doing things to achieve orderly behaviour from kids in the classroom.
The teacher should establish a procedure for cleaning the chalkboard, setting the chalk and dusters, vacuuming the classroom, watering any plants, closing the windows after class/school activities, and distributing students’ exercise books.
The primary goal of organizing students and equipment is to create a conducive school or classroom environment for learning. A well-organized classroom setting promotes efficiency in the utilization of class space, class time, teacher and student energy, and teaching and learning materials. It also assists the teacher in creating an environment conducive to innovative and creative activities.
Routines must be established for performing a variety of chores to ensure civility, respect for others’ rights, and adequate upkeep of classroom facilities and cleanliness. It will also allow both teachers and students to operate seamlessly in the classroom without interrupting or disrupting the ongoing teaching and learning activities.
Teaching resources such as chalk, dusters, globes, maps, charts, graphs, orthography, flannel/graphs, and so on should be kept in easily accessible places so that they can be pulled out and used as needed.
In a properly-managed classroom, the teacher and students agree on an appropriate protocol for child movement in and out of the classroom as well as inside it. When kids or students need to leave the classroom to relieve themselves, they merely need to make a sign to the teacher or monitor. A teacher must pay attention to two qualities to achieve successful class management:
A teacher’s efficiency is measured by the direct activities of his class. A teacher must be qualified, systematic, and enthusiastic to effectively supervise his class. To teach efficiently, a teacher must possess the following;
A teacher must be qualified for the position
He must understand not just what he is going to teach, but also how to teach.
In terms of expertise, the instructor must always be more knowledgeable than the students.
The teacher must be trained in the act of teaching.
In addition to his/her schooling at a teachers’ college or university, he/she should participate in in-service training, seminars, and workshops to stay current on teaching approaches.
A teacher must be systematic in his class management in order to be efficient
He must accomplish what he sets out to do within a particular time frame. They include seating arrangements, classroom cleanliness, tidiness and orderliness, equipment storage, permission to leave class, lesson preparation, marking, and return of student tasks.
The teacher should be proud of what he does.
He/she should be at school on time and be well prepared for each lesson that is taught each day.
Anything worth doing is something worth doing well. He must retain a high level of excitement.
A teacher’s effectiveness is judged by his students’ academic performance and the extent to which they exhibit the type of behaviour that society expects of them. In order for a teacher to be effective, the teacher must do the following;
The teacher must keep detailed records of his students’ work.
Students should be given assignments on a regular basis so that they can practice what they have learned.
The teacher must also create the habit of swiftly correcting and marking students’ work, as well as having students repairs their own errors.
Continuous assessment will assist the teacher in knowing each student’s performance and determining the level of assistance each student requires.
The teacher must be able to communicate properly with his students. If a teacher is unable to communicate effectively with his students, they will not comprehend him and will struggle to master his subject.
The language used by the teacher must be basic, clear, and to the point. The utilization of proper audio-visual media greatly aids communication.
In the field of character development, the teacher must regard himself as a role model for his students.
Children are keen observers who frequently emulate their teachers. Teachers owe it to society as a whole to set a good example for their students to follow.
Teachers must accept full responsibility for their actions.
Educators’ Classroom Management Strategies
These 20 classroom management tactics have been proved to enhance classroom conduct, promote a good classroom atmosphere where student learning is the number one collective goal, and build relationships for a stronger classroom community. To become a happier, more effective teacher, try these excellent classroom management tactics with your pupils.
Demonstrate excellent behaviour
Make it a practice to model the conduct you want to see, as several studies demonstrate that modelling efficiently teaches kids how to act in various scenarios. Holding a fake dialogue with an administration, another instructor, or a student assistant in front of the class is a simple approach to practising particular actions. When discussing an exam or another relevant topic, remember to:
Use respectful language
Maintain eye contact
Keep phones in your pockets
Allow each other to talk uninterruptedly
Raise issues about each other’s statements in a respectful manner
Begin a class discussion by listing and expanding on the excellent behaviours you demonstrated.
Allow students to contribute to the creation of guidelines
Encourage all students to assist you in developing classroom expectations and regulations, as this will result in more buy-in than simply telling them what they are not allowed to do.
Don’t let your mutually agreed-upon guidelines fall by the wayside. Print and disseminate the list of rules developed by the class discussion in the same way that you would a syllabus. After that, go over the list with your pupils. This demonstrates your appreciation for their opinions and your intention to follow them. And if a kid violates a rule, you’ll be able to easily point to this document. If you haven’t already, you should probably display these regulations in your classroom for easy reference. If you’re feeling very inventive, you could incorporate the rule list in a student handbook with crucial dates, events, and curricular material.
Do not punish the class
Address isolated discipline issues individually rather than disciplining an entire class, as the latter might harm your relationships with on-task kids and risk other classroom management initiatives.
Allow students to work ahead and offer brief presentations to discuss take-away ideas to promote a growth mindset and variety in your lessons. You will almost certainly have some eager students in your class. Simply ask them whether they want to get ahead from time to time.
According to a recent research review and study, rewarding pupils for good work enhances academic and behavioural performance.
Make use of nonverbal communication
To improve material delivery, use actions and visual aids to help students focus and process teachings. These communication modalities underpin many varied instruction ideas and practices. Running learning stations, for example, allows you to present a variety of nonverbal content kinds by dividing your classroom into areas through which students circulate. Videos, infographics, and actual artefacts such as coin counting are examples.
Provide monetary incentives
Reward individual pupils in front of the class at the end of each lesson as another motivating and behaviour-reinforcement strategy.
Make encouraging letters and phone calls
Keep kids happy both in and out of class by pleasantly surprising their parents, making encouraging phone calls, and sending encouraging letters home. When the occasion arises, whether from academic effort or behavioural development, informing parents has a cascading effect. They’ll generally congratulate their children, and their children will most likely arrive to class anxious to receive more positive feedback. This can also inspire parents to become more committed to their child’s education, thus opening the door to at-home classes. Such lessons are a cornerstone of culturally sensitive education.
Allow For All Types Of Learners
Create classes that cater to a wide range of diverse learners. Some students learn best through lectures, while others learn best through graphs and visual presentations, still others learn best through hands-on assignments, and still, others learn best in groups or individually. Creating courses that contain a variety of learning approaches allows each student to engage with the content in the most effective way for them.
Students can detect when their teachers are enthusiastic about the content, and when the teacher is enthusiastic, students are more likely to be engaged and interested. Students instinctively notice the teacher’s emotions, whether excited or bored, and they are more inclined to follow these cues and become more engaged when they sense excitement or interest.
Planning Is Essential
Teaching starts long before you enter the classroom. Preparing lesson plans and reviewing them for improvement will help lessons go more smoothly, reduce interruptions and delays, and boost overall classroom excitement.
Transitions should be smoothed out
Mastering the transition between topics or activities is an important part of delivering an effective session. This reduces distractions and talks while keeping kids motivated and focused.
Carry out Group Work
Group projects are an excellent method to get students involved and engaged in the topic and the class. Furthermore, it allows students to practice relationship-building, collaborating, and leading abilities, which usually leads to greater learning and peer-to-peer teaching.
Playfulness is beneficial to both children and adults. Students face a range of stressors and pressures in their studies, and stress impairs concentration and learning abilities. Teachers actually help pupils study well by creating a stress-free environment. This can include things like cracking a joke, playing a game in class, supporting creative projects, and generally maintaining a cheerful mood in the classroom.