2022/2023 Third Term Geography Scheme Of Work For SS1

Geography Scheme Of Work

UNIFIED SCHEME OF WORK FOR GEOGRAPHY

CLASS: SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ONE

TERM: THIRD-TERM SCHEME OF WORK

WEEK 1

General Cleaning/ Revision

WEEK 2

TOPIC

Nigeria Location Position And Ethnic Group

CONTENT

  • Location And Position 
  • Latitude
  • Longitude
  • Boundaries And
  • Neighbors
  • Size And Distance North-South East-West political divisions state and capitals local government  and their headquarters
  • Ethnic groups

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

The student should be able to

  1. Describe the location and position of Nigeria concerning latitude longitude boundaries and their neighbors
  2. Describe Nigeria by size and distance
  3. Locate States, local government areas, and their headquarters on a political map of Nigeria
  4. Explain the various ethnic group in Nigeria  

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Atlas
  • Charts showing
  • Political map of Nigeria
  • Illustrative Diagrams and sketches

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. The Teacher Must Be Able To Use Maps To Help The Student Describe The Location And Position Of Nigeria Concerning Neighbor North, South, East, and West
  2. Guide the student to describe the location of states and their capitals concerning latitude and longitude
  3. Determine the size area and land mass of Nigeria
  4. Make highlight of lesson summary on the board

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. Listen to the teacher’s explanation ask questions ad take down notes
  2. Participate in class discussion
  3. Calculate the area of Nigeria
  4. Draw the political map of Nigeria showing the state capitals and local government headquarters
  5. Be able to state which ethnic group, he or she belongs 

WEEK 3

TOPIC

Physical Setting Of Nigeria

CONTENT

  1. Relief highlands Low land
  2. Drainage – major Rivers and river basins etc
  3. Climate (seasons)
  4. Vegetation belts (savannah, forest belts)

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to

  1. Identify the major highlands rivers and drainage systems in Nigeria
  2. Describe the climatic variations in the country
  3. Locate and explain the vegetation belts of Nigeria
  4. Explain the importance and limitation of Nigeria’s physical settings

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

Atlas, maps, Globe slides, Photographs, and documentaries of the vegetation belts of Nigeria

  • Illustrative diagram and sketches

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  • organize field work for students to observe the settings (relief drainage, vegetation, etc) of the locality
  • Guides class discussion on Nigerians’ climate characteristics of the different seasons etc.
  • vegetation belts and their characteristics
  • assist and supervises  the student to draw maps showing relief climate and vegetation belts of Nigeria
  • Summaries the highlights of the lesson on the board.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Carryout door activities and observe the physical setting of the locality
  • Participate in class discussion
  • Draw map of Nigeria showing major relief climate and vegetation belt
  • Copy the board summary

WEEK 4

TOPIC

Population Of Nigeria

CONTENT

  1. Population size distribution and structure
  2. Population quality
  3. Population movement
  4. Population data

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Should be able to

  1. Explain the increase in growth of Nigeria’s population
  2. Account for the structure and distribution pattern of the population
  3. Describe the influence of HIV/AID on population quality
  4. Explain population movement patterns and associated problems
  5. Describe population data and highlight the source of population data
  6. Suggest ways of checking population growth rates. 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • MAP OF Nigeria showing density medium and sparsely populated Area
  • Pictures and diagrams of places where population data can be collected
  • .slide and photography of densely populated urban centers
  • Diagrams posters of HIV/AID victims

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Guide the student to observe population structure and distribution of their .school and the local environment
  2. Guides class discussion on population size distribution and structure
  3. Population quality factors influencing the quality of Nigeria’s population
  4. HIV/AIDs and population quality
  5. Population movement pattern in Nigeria
  6. The problem associated with population movement
  7. Population data and their sources
  8. The problem of population data in Nigeria
  9. Summarizes the highlight of the lesson on board.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. To observe the population distribution within their school and the communities in the local government.
  2. Collect population data within the home and school environment
  3. Participate in class discussions and ask questions
  4. Identify and locate the following  on a map of Nigeria
  5. Highly populated urban centers
  6. Rural areas with sparse population copy the board summary    

WEEK 5

TOPIC

Climate Vegetation And Soil N Nigeria

CONTENT

  1. Climate of Nigeria
  2. Seasons in Nigeria and their characteristics
  3. Types of climate in Nigeria
  4. Vegetation of Nigeria
  5. Soils in Nigeria
  6. The problem associated with soil in Nigeria

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

The student should be able to

  1. Explain the climate of Nigeria
  2. Mention and explain the seasons in Nigeria and their characteristics
  3. Identify the various climate types and vegetation in Nigeria
  4. Mention the various types of soil in Nigeria and the associated problem 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Map of Nigeria showing the vegetation and climate
  • Climate maps showing temperature rainfall distribution
  • Photographs and charts showing the various types of soil.

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

Guide the students to:

  1. Observe the climate and find the weather pattern of their locality
  2. Examine the type of soil available in their local area
  3. Determine the vegetation belt to which their local area falls. Guide class discussion on the climate of Nigeria and the element of climate especially temperature wind and rainfall
  4. Vegetation belts of Nigeria
  5. Soil groups of Nigeria and their associated problems
  6. Summaries the lesson highlights on the board

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  1. To observe the climate and weather pattern of the local government
  2. Collect soil samples in their locality and identify the various types.
  3. Identify which of the vegetation belt characteristics can be found in their locality
  4. Participate in class discussions and ask questions where necessary.
  5. Identify and locate the various vegetation belt on the map of Nigeria
  6. Copy the board summary.

WEEK 6

TOPIC

Resources In Nigeria

CONTENT

  1. Mineral resources
  2. Petroleum
  3. Gas
  4. Coal
  5. Tin / columbite
  6. Iron ore
  7. Wine stone
  8. Power
  9. Petroleum
  10. Gas
  11. Coal
  12. Hydroelectric power
  13. Solar energy
  14. Water resources
  15. Rivers, lakes, dams sea, underground water
  16. Vegetation resources
  17. Tree crops
  18. Food crops
  19. Cash crop
  20. Timber etc

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

  1. Identify and classify the deferent resources found in Nigeria
  2. Locate where these resources are found with the aid of a map.
  3. Explain the importance of these resources to Nigeria  

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Maps
  • Illustrative charts and diagrams
  • Pictures and slides showing various resources of Nigeria
  • Local mining site (where available )

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  • Leads students to identify the various minerals in Nigeria
  • Take students out to observe local mining of quarry sites etc
  • Observe the vegetation and water resources within and around the locality
  • Guide the student to locate where Nigeria’s major resources are found on maps.
  • Discussion of the importance of these resources o Nigeria’s economy and development
  • Assess student field reports
  • Write notes on board for students to copy 

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Student are to

  1. Enumerate the different resources of Nigeria
  2. Classify the resources
  3. Locate these resources on the economic map of Nigeria
  4. State the importance of these resources to Nigeria
  5. Copy notes and board summary. 

WEEK 7

TOPIC

Agriculture Lumbering And Fishing In Nigeria

CONTENT

Definitions of agriculture

Type of Agriculture

  • Plantation
  • Subsistence
  • Mixed farming
  • Intensive agriculture
  • Crop rotation
  • Shifting cultivation
  • Pastoral farming

Crop produce in Nigeria 

  • Lumbering in Nigeria
  • Areas
  • Economics trees
  • Importance and problem of lumbering
  • Fishing and Nigeria
  • Methods
  • Types
  • Importance
  • Fishing areas
  • Cattle reason in Nigeria
  • Importance and problems
  • Solutions    

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

The student should be able to.

  1. Define agriculture
  2. Mention  the various types of agriculture in Nigeria
  3. Identify the various food, and cash crops in Nigeria
  4. Identify problems of agriculture in Nigeria and suggest solutions to the same
  5. Define lumbering
  6. Identify lumbering areas in Nigeria
  7. Mention some economic trees in Nigeria
  8. Identify fishing activities in Nigeria and areas where fishing activities take place the methods and types of fish in Nigeria
  9. Mention areas where cattle rearing is practiced and the attendant problems. 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

A slide showing  agricultural practices

  • Pictures of different food and cash crops
  • Atlas
  • Maps
  • Old calendars showing various agricultural produce
  • Local farm ad farm settlements 

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

Guide the students on a field trip in the local areas to different farms and farm settlements

  • Identify various agricultural produce, especially food and cash crops
  • Helps the student to identify the various problems faced by the farmers
  • Identify the various types of agriculture practice in the locality
  • Observe fishing activities in the locality
  • Lead the student to discuss the importance of agriculture in Nigeria
  • Write notes on the board with a summary of lesson highlights.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Student are to

  • Observe the various types of agriculture most practiced in their locality
  • Identify the various cash and food crops
  • Enumerate the different problems faced by the farmers
  • State the importance of agriculture in Nigeria
  • Participate in class discussions
  • Copy notes and board summaries

WEEK 8

TOPIC

Manufacturing Industries In Nigeria

CONTENT

  • Definitions of manufacturing industries
  • Characteristics
  • Classifications
  • Light industries
  • Consumer goods industries
  • Heavy industries also
  • Primary industries
  • Secondary industries
  • Tertiary industries
  • Factors affecting location industries
  • Localization of industries
  • Contribution of industries to the economic development of Nigeria
  • Local cafe

Leatherwork

Wood carving

Brass and silver work

Ropes and, mat making

Pottery and glass making

  • Industries’ problems and solutions

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to

  1. Define manufacturing using industries
  2. State the characteristics of Nigeria’s manufacturing industries
  3. Classify the industries in various forms
  4. Enumerate the factors affecting the location of industries in Nigeria
  5. State contributions of industries to the development of Nigeria’s economy.
  6. Mention and locate areas where local craft are made in Nigeria

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Maps
  • Pictures of manufacturing industries
  • Local craft sites
  • Slides showing various manufacturing video clips

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

Lead the students to identify various types of manufacturing industries in Nigeria

  • Take students out to local craft sites to observe the various stages of producing different goods
  • Guide the student to discuss the importance of manufacturing industries to Nigeria’s economy
  • Write a note on the board or the student to copy
  • Write out the highlights of the summary

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Participate in outdoor activities
  • Make record and report of the various manufacturing industries
  • Identify and classify Nigeria’s manufacturing industries
  • Participate in class discussions
  • Draw the map of Nigeria and insert various manufacturing industries
  • Copy board summary

WEEK 9

TOPIC

Trade And Tourism In Nigeria

CONTENT

  • Definition trade
  • Types of trade
  • International trade
  • Domestic trade
  • Stock exchange capital market forex
  • Factors that favorable for tourism
  • Major tourist centers in Nigeria
  • Advantages of tourism
  • Disadvantages of tourism

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to

  • Identify  the types of trade the commercial activities in Nigeria 
  • Enumerate the importance of trade and the problems
  • Describe tourism
  • Identify various tourist centers in Nigeria
  • Mention the advantages and the disadvantages of tourism
  • Explain the importance of the stock exchange and capital market. 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Maps
  • Atlas
  • Pictures showing various tourist Centre
  • Slides 

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

The teacher leads the discussion on trade and why it is important to trade

Help the student understand the various activities that go on in the marketplace

  • Guide the student to discuss tourism and the various tourist center we have in Nigeria
  • Identify some tourist centers that are in the locality 
  • The sun osogbo grove, a world heritage center
  • Olumirin waterfalls Erin ijesha
  • Ayinkunugba waterfalls oke ila etc
  • Write on the board   

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Participate in class activities and discussion
  • Identify the importance of trade and the need for trade
  • Identify types of trade
  • State the meaning of tourism and the various tourist centers in Nigeria especially the ones in the student locality or community
  • Copy notes and board summaries

WEEK 10

TOPIC

Transportation And Communication In Nigeria

CONTENT

  • Definition of transportation
  • Contribution to the development of Nigeria’s economy
  • Types of Transportation
  • Hand transportation
  • Human porterage
  • Animal postage
  • Road transport

Advantages and disadvantages

  • Air transportation international airports domestic airports

Advantage and disadvantages

  • Water transportation
  • Ocen navigation
  • Inland water navigation

Advantages and disadvantage

  • Problem of transportation
  • Development of port in Nigeria
  • Seaports
  • River ports

  BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

The student should be able to

State the meaning of transportation

  • Contributions of transportation to the development of Nigeria
  • Mention the type of transportation their limitation

Advantages and disadvantages

  • Identify the problem of transportation and suggest solutions
  • Describe ports
  • Mention types of ports
  • Importance of ports and problem of port development in Nigeria.    

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Maps showing
  • Transport routes in Nigeria
  • Pictures of various modes of transportation
  • Bus station
  • Railway station
  • A slide showing various means of transpiration
  • Films
  • Graph

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  1. Uses maps diagrams pictures etc to guide students to identify major transportation types
  2. Guides class discussion o the advantages of each type in terms of
  3. Accessibility haulage capacity speed etc

Lead students to describe transportation problems and proffer solutions to the problems

Assesses students report

Write notes on the board for students to copy

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Sketch map of Nigeria and show major transport routers
  • Participate in class discussion
  • Carry out a field survey of transportation problems in their community
  • Write a report of fieldwork
  • Copy the board summary

WEEK 11

TOPIC

Communication In Nigeria

CONTENT

  • Communication

Network

Telecommunication

Services, cellular

Telephone

Phone, voice, mail, etc

Postal services

Television

Radio

Newspaper

Internet etc

  • Advantages and disadvantages of different communication elements/network
  • Problem of communication
  • Importance of communication in human activities 

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

The student should be able to

  1. Identify the major communication networks or elements in Nigeria
  2. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of element network
  3. Explain the problem of communication in Nigeria
  4. Suggest solutions to the problems of communication in Nigeria 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL(S)

  • Documentary
  • Films/ slide
  • Posters
  • Pictures

TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES

  • Use pictures and films to help students identify and describe major communication industries in the locality
  • Guide the student’s discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of communication problems
  • Influence of communication on human activities
  • Summarizes the lesson highlights on the board   

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Listen to teachers’ explanations and ask questions
  • Take down notes
  • Answer questions
  • Watch documentary films
  • Visit communication companies industries in the locality
  • Participate in class discussion

WEEK 12 & 13

Examination

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