2022/2023 Third Term Geography Scheme Of Work For SS2

Geography Scheme Of Work

UNIFIED SCHEME OF WORK FOR GEOGRAPHY

CLASS: SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TWO

TERM: THIRD-TERM SCHEME OF WORK

WEEK 1

Revision Of Last Term Class Work And General Cleaning

WEEK 2

TOPIC

Geo-Political Issues (Land Reclamation)

CONTENT

– Definition of Land Reclamation

– Reclamation methods

– Aforestation

– Construction of barriers

– Sand filling

– Construction of drainages

– Control of erosion heads etc

– Importance of land reclamation

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

– explain the concept of land reclamation

– describe the various methods of land reclamation

– explain the importance of land reclamation

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Photographs

– Documentary films

– Diagrams and sketches

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

– Use photographs of reclamation sites to explain the concept of land reclamation

– take students on fieldwork to land reclamation sites

– guide student’s discussion on the method of land reclamation

– the importance of land reclamation

– organizes and supervises students’ community development projects on land reclamation

– write notes on the board for students to copy

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

– participate in fieldwork and write reports

– listen to teachers’ explanations and ask questions.

– participate in class discussion

– carryout community development project on land reclamation

– copy the board summarize

WEEK 3

TOPIC

Gis Data

CONTENT

(1) Data sources

– land surveying

– remote sensing

– map digitizing

– map scanning

– field investigations

– tabular data etc

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

(1) identify sources of data in the GIS environment

(2) collect data for GIS

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

GPS

– Satellite

– Maps

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

– Explains GIS data service

– Take students on fieldwork to collect geographic data using various methods.

– Supervises students on fieldwork

– Assess student’s reports

– Summaries the highlight of the lesson on the board

WEEK 4

TOPIC

Africa: Location Position And Size

– Atlas

– Political maps of Africa

– Globe

– Illustrating

– Diagrams and Sketches

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

Use maps to help the student describe the location and position of Africa

– Guide the student to describe the location of each country of Africa with their capitals

– Determine the size area and land mass of Africa

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

– Participate in class discussions

– listen to teachers’ explanations

– ask questions

– draw the political map of Africa

WEEK 5

TOPIC

Relief And Drainage In Africa

CONTENT

(1) Relief

– Highlands

– Lowlands

– Drainage (major rivers, river basin)

Climate – effect of relief on climate

Importance and uses of mountain

– disadvantages of mountain

– characteristics of African Rivers

– Importance of African rivers

– Lakes in Africa

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

Identify the major highlands, rivers, and drainage systems in Africa.

– Explain the importance of the mountains of Africa

– Describe the characteristics of African Rivers

– Mention lakes of Africa and their types

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Atlas

– Political maps of Africa

– Globe

– Illustrating

– Diagrams and Sketches

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

– Guide class discussion on relief of Africa. Drainage of Africa

Importance of mountains in Africa

– Characteristics of African rivers

– Lakes in Africa and their types

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

Participate in class discussions, and ask questions.

– Draw the relief and drainage map of Africa.

Copy notes on the board

WEEK 6

TOPIC

Climate And Vegetation Of Africa

CONTENT

– Factors affecting the climate of Africa

– Types of climate in Africa and their characteristics

– Vegetation of Africa

– Types of Vegetation in Africa and their characteristics

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

– Identify the factors affecting the climate of Africa

– mention the types of climate in Africa and their characteristics

– describe the factors affecting the Vegetation of Africa

– mention the types of vegetation in Africa and their characteristics

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Atlas

– Maps

– Globe

– Climatic map of Africa

– Photographs

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

Guide the student in the discussion on factors affecting climate and vegetation in Africa and their characteristics. Write notes on the board

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

– Listen to the teacher’s explanation

– Participate in class discussion

– Copy notes from the board

Draw the climate and vegetation map of Africa

WEEK 7

TOPIC

Lumbering In Equatorial Africa (Zaire And Nigeria)

CONTENT

– Definition of Lumbering

– Zaire

– Nigeria

– Favourable factors for Lumbering

– Methods of Lumbering

– Economic Trees

– Economic importance of Lumbering

– Problems of Lumbering

– Solutions

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

– Define Lumbering

– Identify Areas of Lumbering in Africa

– Describe the favorable factors for Lumbering

– Identify economic trees

– Enumerate the importance of lumbering

– identity the problems of Lumbering and provide suggested solutions

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Maps

– Globe

– Photographs

– Slides showing Lumbering activities

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

Guide the student in discussion on. Factors affecting climate and vegetation of Africa.

– Types of climate and vegetation in Africa and their characteristics write notes on the board

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

– Listen to the teacher’s explanation

– Participate in Class Discussion

– Copy notes from the board

Draw the climate and vegetation map of Africa

WEEK 8

TOPIC

Irrigation Agriculture In West And East Africa

CONTENT

– Definition of Irrigation Agriculture

– Reasons for Irrigation

– Factors that favor irrigation

– Areas of irrigation agriculture in Africa

– Methods used for irrigation

– Crops cultivated

– Problems of Irrigation

– Contributions of Irrigation schemes to economic development

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

– Define irrigation agriculture

– identity the factors that favor irrigation

– Mention the areas where irrigation is practiced in Africa

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

– Enumerate the methods used, the crops cultivated, and the problems of irrigation

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Atlas

– Maps

– Globe

– Photographs

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

Guide the class discussion on irrigation Agriculture

– Reasons for irrigation Agriculture

– Methods used for irrigation agriculture

– Crop cultivated

– problems of irrigation agriculture

– write highlights of lesson summary on the board

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

Participate in class discussion

copy notes from the board

WEEK 9

TOPIC

Plantation Agriculture In West And East Africa

CONTENT

– Definition of Plantation Agriculture

– Characteristics features of plantation

– Favourable factors for plantation

– Areas of plantation Agriculture

– West and East Africa

– Requirements for plantation Agriculture

– Problems of Plantation

– Solutions to the problems

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

– Define plantation Agriculture

– Explain the characteristics and features of plantation Agriculture

– Favourable factors for Plantation Agriculture

– Identify Areas of Africa where Plantation Agriculture is practiced

– Mention the problems of plantation Agriculture and make suggested solutions

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Maps

– Pictures and Slide showing Plantation agriculture

– Documentary

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

– uses maps pictures and slides to guide the class discussions on plantation Agriculture

– characteristics

– areas of plantation agriculture

– importance

– problems

– solution

– summarize the highlights of the lesson on the board

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

Listen to the teacher’s explanation, ask questions and take down notes

– watch documentary films/slide

– participate in class discussions

WEEK 10

TOPIC

Fruit Farming In The Mediterranean Region Of Africa

CONTENT

– meaning of fruit farming

– major areas of fruit farming

– factors favorable to fruit framing

– types of fruit produced

– the importance of fruit farming

– problems of fruit farming

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

– Define fruit farming

– identify the major areas of fruit farming in Africa

– Describe the factors favorable to fruit farming

– mention the types of fruit produced

– enumerate the problem of fruit farming

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

– Photographs

– Sketches and Diagrams

– Films

– Pictures of different fruit

– Globes

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

Use maps and the globe to identify the Mediterranean regions of Africa

– Guides discussion on fruit farming

– Major areas of fruit farming

– Types of fruit produced

– problems of fruit farming

Write notes on the board for students to copy

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

– Listen to the teacher’s explanation

– Observe the method of locating the Mediterranean Areas of Africa

– Copy notes from the board.

WEEK 11

TOPIC

Organized Field Work/ Trip

CONTENT

Fieldwork is the bedrock of any effective learning in geography there is a need to guide the student on an excursion tour of various geographical phenomena.  

Visit to any tourist centers e.g. airports, game reserves, museums, national parks, heritages, etc.

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVE

Students should be able to:

Connect their experiences in the classroom to real-life experiences.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Pictures of place to visit, brochure,  a sample of packaged tour guide

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

Guide the students to visit tourist/ geographical centers.

Assesses student’s field report

LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES

Visit the Tourist center.

Write reports of places of attraction visited

WEEK 12 & 13

Examination

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